Throughout history, gem stones have captivated human fascination with their mesmerizing beauty and allure. Amongst these precious gems, one stands out for its brilliance and fire – moissanite. Usually mistaken for diamonds as a consequence of its comparable appearance, moissanite possesses a unique charm that sets it apart from other gemstones. In this article, we will discover the science behind moissanite and understand why it sparkles like no other gem.
Discovery and Origin:
Moissanite was first discovered in 1893 by French chemist Henri Moissan, who stumbled upon naturally occurring silicon carbide crystals in a meteorite crater in Arizona. Initially, he mistook these crystals for diamonds, however upon further examination, he realized their distinct chemical composition. Thus, moissanite turned the first mineral to be recognized from a celestial source.
Composition and Structure:
Moissanite is a uncommon gemstone composed of silicon carbide (SiC). Its crystal structure is completely different from diamonds, which are made of carbon atoms arranged in a cubic crystal lattice. In contrast, moissanite has a hexagonal crystal lattice, giving it distinctive optical properties that contribute to its exceptional sparkle.
Refractive Index and Dispersion:
One of the major reasons behind moissanite’s brilliance is its high refractive index. Refractive index measures how a lot light bends as it passes by means of a material. Moissanite’s refractive index is even higher than that of diamonds, which means it bends and reflects light more effectively, leading to greater brilliance and sparkle.
Additionally, moissanite has high dispersion, additionally known as the “rainbow effect.” Dispersion refers to the splitting of white light into its spectral colors. This is why moissanite displays flashes of colorful fire, charming the beholder with a breathtaking display of brilliance.
Another intriguing property of moissanite is its double refraction. Unlike diamonds, which have single refraction, moissanite splits light into rays as it enters the gemstone, resulting in a doubling effect. This characteristic is seen if you look by the gemstone and observe a slight doubling of the image. While this could also be a minor optical phenomenon, it adds to the gem’s uniqueness and allure.
Cut and Aspects:
The brilliance of moissanite additionally is dependent upon how it is reduce and the number of sides on its surface. Gem cutters use strategies that maximize light reflection within the stone. The most well-liked cut for moissanite is the round brilliant reduce, which enhances its sparkle by optimizing light return. The more sides a gemstone has, the more opportunities there are for light to interact with the material, resulting in heightened brilliance.
Natural moissanite is incredibly uncommon, making it difficult to obtain enough gem-quality stones for commercial purposes. To meet the demand for moissanite in the jewelry industry, scientists and gemologists have developed a process to create moissanite in laboratories. These lab-grown moissanites possess the identical physical and optical properties as their natural counterparts, making them an ethical and more affordable various to diamonds.
Moissanite vs. Diamond:
Moissanite’s comparableity to diamonds has sparked debates amongst consumers about which gem is superior. While diamonds hold a particular place in the hearts of many, moissanite affords distinct advantages, together with a lower worth point, higher brilliance, and ethical sourcing. Additionally, moissanite is harder than different gems, except for diamonds, making it a durable and suitable selection for each day wear.
In conclusion, moissanite’s mesmerizing sparkle might be attributed to a mixture of its unique optical properties, including high refractive index, dispersion, and double refraction. Its exceptional brilliance and fire, combined with ethical sourcing options, make it an alluring alternative for those seeking a shocking gemstone that stands out like no other. Whether in its natural or lab-created form, moissanite continues to captivate the world with its dazzling beauty, carving a special place for itself within the realm of fine jewelry.
If you liked this post and you would like to get additional information regarding oval moissanite engagement rings kindly see the web-page.